Wednesday, 31 March 2010


The British Board of Film  
Classification (BBFC) is an
independent, non-governmental body
funded through the fees it charges to
those who submit films and video
works for classification. Here, and
throughout the Guidelines, video
works are taken to include video
games, and films and programmes
released on DVD or Blu-ray, or
distributed by means of download
or streaming on the internet. - BBFC 

By viewing The British Board of Films Classification, and considering the aspects which catergorise films into a BBFC rating, I have decided that my film will be a 15. 

I have come to this decision due to the guidelines of a 15 film fit for my opening two minutes.

There is a scene of violence in my movie, in which it is connoted that my character gets killed, this is with a knife,  however you only see the killer stabbing the knife, you do not see the pain the victim receives, it is also not promoted in a good light, as it is the antagonist killing the protagonist, I will not be showing much of the violence, there will be many fast clips with various shot types to connote what is happening, the BBFC say about violence for a 15 film:

Violence may be strong but should not dwell on the infliction
of pain or injury. The strongest gory images are unlikely to
be acceptable. Strong sadistic or sexualised violence is also
unlikely to be acceptable.
There may be detailed verbal references to sexual violence
but any portrayal of sexual violence must be discreet and
have a strong contextual justification.

My film also contains a couple kissing in a car, however it is not connoted that they are having sex, but may be connoted that they are about too, but due to the audience only seeing them kiss, this is suitable for a film rated at 15, The BBFC say about sex:

Sexual activity may be portrayed without strong detail.
There may be strong verbal references to sexual behaviour,
but the strongest references are unlikely to be acceptable
unless justified by context. Works whose primary purpose is
sexual arousal or stimulation are unlikely to be acceptable.

These are the only two items that need to be controlled in my film to target a suitable audience. Therefore a 15 rating fits in with my film.

Other films in my genre of slasher that are rated at the age certificate of 15 are: Tormented, Sorority Row (after being re-rated- was originally a 18)  Prom Night, and Cry wolf. (Was originally a 12A in cinemas, however re-rated when released on DVD)


Wednesday, 24 March 2010

Target Audience-

Ethnicity-  The opening two minutes of my movie includes two characters, both of which are Caucasian, British and of a middle class background. Therefore this may not appeal to a wider audience of other ethnic backgrounds. It would be very useful to have a multi-ethnic cast, but due to a limit of finding people to act I have picked two Caucasian characters. 

However many mainstream productions continue to use an all Caucasian cast and have not suffered because of this. Many examples include Donkey punch and Scream. They both proved to do well in selling their product. With scream currently having made $500 million worldwide, and being the most successful film series in the slasher genre.

Due to the actor suiting the role as my killer, I chose a non-Caucasian character, due to height and body build which were suitable for the role. This however may not widen the audience, as he is seen as a killer rather than a hero. However the only character that is portrayed in the opening as the "hero" or "survivor" is the girl. It could be argued that it would widen the audience, as he is not being killed off in the opening, which most non-Caucasian characters are.

Gender- Due to my female being connoted as the "final girl" and ends up surviving from the killer, this will bring in the female audience, rather than women being seen as "sex symbols" and only there for the male gaze, they will feel that the female plays a vital role in the film and has as much power as males. The film would not be able to function without this female. This shows the impact of feminism, and instead of females once being portrayed as the weaker gender, they have now obtained equality. The clothes my actress is dressed in will also bring in the female audience, as they will see that they don't all have to wear "low cut tops" and "short skirts" to be noticed and act in a film. Men are not as superior as they once were.  

The way I have portrayed my male character (Brad) is as fun, free, and good looking. He is the opposite of my actress, Chrissie, he is into sex, and this is connoted by him being more forward with Chrissie. Males, especially the youth age, will be able to relate to this and even look up to him. They will see him as "cool" and therefore like his character. My killer is also male, this may make them see the dominance of males, and will be interested as to whom and how he kills. 

The "kissing scene" will bring in the audience of young teen boys.

I have not included a scream queen, arguably this would bring in a male audience, for the male gaze, but I feel that a final girl increases the female side and also sets the storyline better. The kissing can bring in a young male audience.

Famously, the feminist Rita Mae Brown wrote The Slumber Party Massacre and its sequels. Giving the slasher genre much more appeal to a wider audience. 

As found in an article in The Guardian, more and more films are now being written by women. -The Guardian 

Nationality/ Region- As we are filming in the area we live in, which is Yorkshire, it is more like to be distributed by a low budget company, such as Donkey Punch was. Although the area that we are filming, with the famous Ilkley Moor in sight, and the Yorkshire accents would primarily attract a Yorkshire audience but due to the stereotypes, such as the accent, dialogue and scenic locations, they are recognisable to those of a different area. Films such as This is England, set in the North of England, proved to be very succesful, therefore it is clear that you can break the barriers. 

Yorkshire has produced many big movies, including Calendar Girls. In a recent poll by the Film Distributors Association on the most atmospheric use of location in British cinema, four of the top ten films were set in Yorkshire, proving that Yorkshire has a rich and recognisable heritage in film. Despite Leeds being the chosen location for the first moving image film by Louis le Prince in 1888, it was perhaps the 1960s New Wave that really put Yorkshire on the cinematic map. - BritMovies 

Fans of- I would expect my potential audience to be fans of horror films, that involve those of a young cast. And have some mild sexual connotations. Films such as donkey punch, Valentine, Urban Legend, I know what you did last summer and Cherry Falls

Often low budget, and not using big named actors and actresses. Also not necessarily set in the southern part of England. Also with a cast that may not have the desired middle class accent that you often see in bigger productions such as Hugh Grant in Love Actually, but those of an accent that can be recognised to where the film takes place, again for instance This Is England. 

However it is important to realise that many slasher films are breaking away from not using big named actors and actresses, which primarily started in the 1990's, Scream started off this trend, by using Drew Barrymore and Courteney Cox and other slasher movies gradually began to follow, for instance Brittany Murphy in Cherry Falls.  This widens the audience as fans of these actors and actresses will be interested in the work they produce. 

Sexuality- My film includes a heterosexual couple, but many films include just a heterosexual couple and have not suffered from drawing in the "pink pound" audience. Stereotypically, I have used a attractive male actor which arguably could bring in the "pink pound" audience as the male gaze. Often in horror films it is connoted that the killer is in fact a repressed homosexual and that is why he is killing females, this could be seen in my film by some of my audience. 

Psychographic Profile- Whilst researching "Maslow's hierarchy of needs" which is a psychological theory of the basis of what humans need to survive, I realised that my film portrays many of the hierarchy. For instance there is a connoted mild "sex scene" (the couple do not actually have sex, due the female actress refusing) in the opening of my film, which is one of the physiological needs of a human being. Also due to these characters kissing it shows the love and belonging needed by humans. Also due the the male actor in my film kissing his girlfriend and being more forward it shows his confidence,  which is needed as part of the esteem of the hierarchy. 

I expect the audience of my film to not be those of the "intellectual type." As it is a typical slasher film, it does not show any signs of history or psychological problems in the film which may of widened the audience to those of an audience that are interested in a more in depth sight as to why people may murder.

It would be more of those of a younger audience, that may watch the film with friends, and are maybe into drinking, sex and violence. This is also due to my cast being teens. 

However this is similar to many horror films, such as Cherry Falls and Donkey Punch, Halloween and Friday the 13th.  

Due to my film not including older characters, not being set in the past and not including any psychological aspects, and not being complex or challenging, where the audience has to work out what is going out for themselves this may not widen the audience to those of a ABC1 audience. Films such as Chiller, Theatre Carnival Of Souls and Phantom of the opera, would relate to the intellectual audience, who's interests are different to those who enjoy a cheap, slasher movie, and stereotypically will be higher up the social ladder. 

"However slashers usually do use victims which tend to be young, attractive, and of high school age. Some theorists claim that they young people are punished for indulging in vices such as pre-marital sex or drugs. Other theorists claim that is simply a matter of the activities making the victims unaware of their surroundings, making them easy prey for the killer."- Vera Dika

Socio-Economic grouping- Due to my film being a conventional slasher, containing characters of a middle class background this is more than likely going to appeal to a C2DE audience. Especially due to my film being centered on teens, and containing a mild "sex scene." (My characters are kissing at the beginning in a car, connoted they would of maybe had sex had the dis-equilibrium not happened.) 

My film also does not include any counter types, which may of been of interest to C1's. Had I chosen a blonde, busty female that is seen as sexually active as my final girl I could of increased the audience. 

I have also used the stereotypical killer of being male, this will keep the target audience at C2DE audience. And the killing using a knife, I have stuck the common conventions of a slasher film, again outlined by Vera Dika. This will limit my audience to C2DE.

  • The Killer—With notable exceptions, the killer in the slasher film is usually male. His identity is often, but not always, unknown and/or concealed either by a mask or by creative lighting and camera work. He is often mute and seemingly unstoppable, able to withstand stabbings, falls and shootings by his victims. His background sometimes includes a childhood trauma that explains his choice of victim, weapon and location (the killer can be made out to be pitiable or understood). Slasher villains tend to prefer hand held weapons such as knives, axes, hatchetes, and chainsaws as opposed to bombs or guns. As the sub-genre developed, some argue that the real star of a slasher is the killer, not the victims or Final Girl. Throughout most of the franchises, the killer is constant. Freddy Krueger, Jason Voorhees and Michael Myers are notable examples of this phenomenon.
  • The Victims—The victims tend to be young, attractive, high school or college-aged adolescents. Much has been made about the choice of victims. Some theorists claim that they young people are punished for indulging in vices such as pre-marital sex or drugs. Other theorists claim that is simply a matter of the activities making the victims unaware of their surroundings, making them easy prey for the killer.
  • Final Girl—Slasher films frequently only have a single survivor. She is frequently a female peer of the victims but is cinematically developed in comparison to his or her cohorts. She frequently doesn't indulge in the illicit activities of her friends. The heroine is also known as the final girl because by the end of the movie, all of her friends are dead, and she's left alone to deal with the killer. Certain movies do deviate from this in favour of having a final boy who tends to be morally suspect.
  • The Violence—One thing that separates slashers from thrillers and murder mysteries is the level of violence. Slashers de-emphasize plot and character development in favor of violence and terror. Plots are constructed around giving the audience the experience of watching the killer murders. The deaths are often violent and graphic, with originality being valued in the later films to hold audience interest.
However I have used a "final girl" in which she survives and escapes from the killer, and her boyfriend doesn't, showing she has more awareness, alertness and power than the actor. This will widen the audience of females in the C2 catergory. The actress is also not being portrayed as a "sex object" for the male gaze, which is commonly seen, therefore women of a C2 catergory maybe more inclined to watch it if they know it is not just about "females being killed."  And blondes being stereotypically seen as "dumb" and females being seen as "weak or powerless."My actress also refuses to have sex with my actor, therefore moving away from a stereotypical image of being seen as a "sexually active female" This is seen as a counter type, and portrays women as intelligent and they are induviduals, she is not persuaded by her boyfriend to have sex with him, she is independant and free. She is morally conscious. It shows her intelligence. 

Typical audience for this genre- 

Vera Dika whom famously wrote Games of Terror, defined the appeal of the slasher genre to it's audience in three ways:
  • Catharsis—Through a release of fears about bodily injury or from political or social tensions of the day.
  • Recreation—An intense, thrill seeking, physical experience akin to a roller coaster ride.
  • Displacement—Audiences sexual desires are displaced onto the characters in the film.
A NightMare On Elm Street is due to release a sequel in 2010, proving that the slasher genre is still going strong. With the first Nightmare on Elm street making $25,504,513 (USA). 

Recent films such as Tormented (2009- Jon Wright) have proven to do well in the genre, with the total budget costing just under 1 million, it made £284, 757. 

The movie Donkey Punch (2008- Oliver Blackburn), was filmed in three weeks, with a budget of £500,000,  a very low budget film with it end up making £144, 953 in its opening weekend. 

These figures show that the slasher genre still has an appeal and attraction to audiences. However many slasher films now do not get much cinema showings and often make more money on there DVD releases.

It has also been argued that slasher films are becoming far too "similar" and there is no variation between them. Films such as Halloween  made $60,000,000 worldwide. And Scream made $161,600,000 worldwide. Two films that have changed the slasher genre, proving that it can succeed. However these films had a much higher budget, with Scream's budget being $14,000,000. 


I have decided that my movie will target the age range of 15-24. Therefore my movie will be a 15. I have decided on this with help from  

Also due to my characters being of a young age this will appeal to a younger audience rather than a old one. 

Props, Mise-en-scene, costume

For my female actress:

  • Due to my actress being a "final girl" type, I am going to make her wear clothing that will cover her body, to connote her being seen as virginal
  • She will be wearing a polo neck, a cardigan, jeans and ugg boots, all average clothing, which shows she doesn't really make an effort, especially as it is connoted that she is on a date. It will also portray she is not sexually active, or wanting that kind of thing.
Makeup and hair-  
  • The actress will be wearing minimum makeup to again connote her as being natural, intelligent, this is the stereotypical portrayal 
  • She will wear natural looking makeup and her hair will be tied up in a bobble to again connote her intelligence
  • However when the actress sees her boyfriend being attacked, to connote she has been crying and screaming, I will make her mascara smudge down her face, this emphasises that she has been crying, therefore she will have to wear a minimal amount of makeup 

For my male actor- 

  • However my male character is quite the opposite of this, he is meant to be seen as "cool" and fashionable, but quite laid back, therefore I am going to make him wear a polo shirt and some jeans
  • My actor is being portrayed as quite a "cool" person, the sort of person that would be in the "popular crowd" at school, therefore I am going to have his hair with a bit of hair gel in, maybe a bit spiked up, but also relaxed, like his personality

For the Killer-

  • My last actor, is the killer, however to ensure you do not see any of his face or physical features, to leave a narrative enigma, I am going to have him dressed in a black hoody, or something of a dark colour, hiding his face and hair, he will be fully disguised. 

  • If needed I may also use a black balaclava to fully cover his face.

  • I need a car for the couple to be parked up in, the car that I am using is the actors, therefore it is a suitable car as it is a car that teenagers would drive 
  • The car will also need a radio in for them to be listening to music, and for the news report to come on
  •  I also need a mobile phone for the male actor to receive a call from
  • The weapon that I am going to use is a knife
  • This is so when the female actress turns around as she is running away she can see the back of her boyfriend, and the attacker knifing him
  • This will be easier to connote as it will not have to actually show the violence or the slit to the neck
  • At the moment I do not think I need any fake blood, as you will only see the attack from the back of the victim, and through the actresses eyes, it will be every quick takes
  • To create mise-en-scene inside the actor's car, to connote him being a teenager but also being seen as "cool" I will have plenty of c.d's and maybe some dice hanging from the mirror, this gives representation of youth
  • I may also include things such as chewing gum, a soft drink, such as a bottle of coke, lying around in his car, to again connote the age of the characters.  
  • The actress's handbag will also be on the floor by her feet, however this does not play much of an important role, but adds mise-en-scene 
  • When the actor gets out the car, the female may touch up her mascara, or give her hair a brush, again to add mise-en-scene, and that she isn't directly looking at her boyfriend who will then be getting attacked,
  • She will get this item out of her handbag 
  • This also gives a feminine touch and again connotes her age
  • She won't notice untill he screams
  • This also means she takes pride in her appearence and wants to look presentable
  • There may also be items such as an ipod in sight, again giving evidence of their youth, and the target audience 
  • These will all give a pre-modern sense to the youth audience that I am targeting at (see later post on target audience) 

Tuesday, 23 March 2010


"The final girl is a horror film (particularly slasher film) trope that specifically refers to the last woman or girl alive to confront the killer, ostensibly the one left to tell the story. The final girl has been observed in dozens of films. The term was coined [2] by Carol J. Clover in her book Men, Women and Chain Saws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film." Wikipedia 

My female character in my opening is going to be connoted as the final girl. Hence why I have chosen for her boyfriend to be killed and not her. She will be seen as virginal, and intelligent, and this will be connoted by her hair colour as well as the clothes she wears. 

The character I chose, Harriot, has brunette her, I will also dress her in a high cut top and cardigan, which are just seen as average clothing, but showing no flesh, this is the opposite to what I would use if I was using a scream queen. The clothes connote Harriot is sexually unavailable. 

This is opposite to what most victims are like, they are usually sexually available and into drugs and alcohol. I could connote this through maybe the boyfriend deciding to drink a can of beer, and Harriot refuses some, all that I shall experiment with whilst filming.

This shows the impact of feminism, and how girls can now be seen as just as strong as men, and not necessarily weaker. 

An example of a final girl would be Laurie Strode from John Carpenter's Halloween. 

 And Nancy Thompson in the Nightmare on Elm Street movies. 
My actress follows these rules as she is brunette, and will show signs of intelligence.

Throughout research I realised that a lot of final girls often have a uni-sex name, showing their power and the same authority as their male counter parts, again such as Laurie in Halloween. 

Therefore I have decided to name my character "Chrissie"

This is my final girl:

My actress's boyfriend, is going to be portrayed as the stereo-typical alpha-male figure, he wants more out of the female actress, but doesn't get it.

I am also going to experiment with him saying that he doesn't actually own the car, bringing in representation of youths being criminals, but also that he is not as virginal or innocent as my female actress.

This brings in many different plots of common slasher movies, of the guy who drinks, swears, smokes etc gets killed. 

For example in Cherry Falls (2000)  straight away in the opening, the male character is trying to get "more" out of the female character and ends up being killed. 

This is also the same later on in Cherry Falls (2000) when Jody Marken (Brittany Murphy) is trying to tell her boyfriend Kenny (Gabriel Mann) that she does not want to have sex with him, she turns out to be the final girl, which is like my female actress, and in turn kills the murderer.

Although he is not the scream queens boyfriend, he wants to have sex with my female actress, connoting he is not innocent, this is almost like the couple in scream Casey (Drew Barrymore) and Steve (Kevin Patrick Walls) who is the first character to be killed in the film. However Casey is a scream queen.

Steve is quite a "jock" kind of guy, seen as alplha-male, this is how I will conhote my male actor, through the use of mise-en-scene. 


This is my male actor: Through various research, I have decided to call my actor Brad, I see this as quite a stereotypical male name, and connotes he is quite macho, people may think of actors such as Brad Pitt, when they hear the name. 

This is my actress and actor:

Both these characters are the right age, they are seventeen, and this is the age I wanted, to connote "youths." They are both from Yorkshire, however, due to me filming near the Cow and Calf rocks, a famous Yorkshire land mark, I feel it does not matter that they have a slight accent.

They are both British, white, middle class, which is what you most often see in horror films.

The killer-

You will not be able to see the face of my killer, or any of his body, this leaves a narrative enigma, as to whom it may be. I have chosen my actor to be Tyrone, he is tall which would suit the role. He is also male, which in most films the killer is male, for instance in Friday the 13th, Jason Voorhees, is the killer. 

Tyrone is non-caucasion, however you will not be able to see him in the opening, but will most probably be visible later on in the film, this may draw in a wider audience as he is not being killed off in the opening which non- Caucasian's usually are.

This is my killer-

I have decided to name my killer, Jason Cringles, as Jason is the name of the killer in Friday the 13th, providing an inter textual link, Cringles is also a place in Yorkshire. 

Location scouting-

Although quite an American idea, I still think it can fit my target audience, which will be teens.

The location had to be somewhere quite remote, which is seen as quite romantic, with this I decided to use the Cow and Calf, which will bring representation of where it is set, that it is set in a small town. 

This can be seen as out of the way of an evening, so this is why the boyfriend would of chosen to go to that place to be alone with his girlfriend.

There is also perfect places for the girl to run away, near the moors, connoting that she may be chased later on in the film.

This will be the scene from the front of the car:

And this is the pathway that I plan to have the girl run up towards the moor:

 This is quite like the opening of Cherry falls, however it is more "rural" although the moors and rocks can connote that something bad is going to happen.

Monday, 22 March 2010

Revised Narrative Outline- audience feedback

Due to complications with my initial idea, and it not working very well, due to locations, actresses and actors and transitions, I have decided to come up with a new idea, a lot more simple, and very stereotypical, but one that I will enjoy working on and can experiment with, it is easier to achieve in terms of getting actors and relates to many horror films I have watched, it also focuses on a set target audience.

I do not see it as a problem that I have changed my narrative outline, as I am still in the horror/slasher genre, and this storyline links into a lot of the films I have viewed for research, It will also be easy to gain teen actors/actresses to star in my opening two minutes

The films that I have researched can help me make sure this storyline works, with sampling use of music, false scares and character types in typical horror films
After getting audience feedback from my teacher and my fellow peers, whom I will be targeting my opening at, I have decided to make some changes to my film:
  •  I will start with some shots establishing the scene, this can be seen in the opening of cherry falls 

  • I will then gradually zoom in on a car that is already parked up
  • And inside the car their will be a boyfriend and girlfriend kissing 
  • There will be diegetic music coming from the car radio
  • A news report will then come on about a murderer having escaped from jail, the teenagers will pay no attention this and turn the radio off
  • They will then start kissing again
  • The boyfriends phone will ring, but he will just ignore it, it will be an unknown number
  • They start kissing again
  • The phone will ring again and the girl (who is seen as a final girl character) will say go answer your phone)
  • The boyfriend will get out the car leaving the door open
  • And the attacker will come grab him from behind
  • The girl will then start screaming and running away
  • The last shot will be her turning around and seeing her boyfriend being murdered
  • It will then go to the title of the film
I am still considering other shots, and endings for the male character in my opening two minutes, but I am going to experiment which is the best and take different shots, and see which works best and why others don't.

Tuesday, 16 March 2010

Genre Research and Intertextual Links

After researching common codes and conventions of general horror films, I have taken note on how these are achieved and incorporated them into the opening two minutes of my film.

  • With "Laurie Strode" the final girl from Halloween  I have decided to also give my female character a uni-sex name, to give the idea of strength and as much power and males, connoting she will be the final survivor. 
  • The area that I have filmed in is quite discrete, to connote that no-one is around to help, this is similar to the film Cherry Falls. 
  •  I am also going to do shots of the scenery at the beginning, to set the scene, and to maybe give a false impression of what is going to happen, again like in Cherry Falls 
  • I have made my film quite modern, using teenagers and a car, this is seen in many films for instance, Tormented and Cry Wolf.  
  • I am also going to use a "spooky" music, with a change in beat when the murder happens, to create tension.
  • I have used the name "Jason" as my killer, this is also the same name as the killer in Friday the 13th
  • I have used Serif font, in red, for my titles connoting horror, this is seen in many films, such as Trick or Treat
  • I used the idea of stabbing a cantaloupe melon for the stabbing sound effect, as this is what Alfred Hitchcock did in the horror Psycho.  (However due to my killing being far away and a point of view shot, it was too far away to include the sound, there was also only one stab in my killing.)

Wednesday, 3 March 2010

Codes and conventions of general openings of films:

Divorcing Jack (1998) David Caffrey

  • Black comedy genre
  • Winchester Films- this is white writing on a black background
  • There is then a list of the production companies, again, white writing on a black background 
  • Voice-over- In an Irish accent- widens the audience
  • The first character you see is stumbling- connoting he is drunk- stereotypical image of the Irish
  • It is not clear whether the music is diegetic or non-diegetic as the voice over could be listening to that music whilst speaking the voice over
  • There is a sub-title saying "Belfast, Northern Ireland, 1973" This adds exposition
  • There is mise-en-scene of a messy room, connoting it is a younger males room
  • There is two characters, a child asleep, and the drunk man, a bit older, as they are seen the voice-over talks about his brother weeing on his laptop, connoting they are brothers and it is going back in time, talking about the past
  • There is a slow pan across posters on the boys bedroom this adds mise-en-scene
  • There is a poster of "George Best" very famous, recognisable to the audience again suggesting who it is targeted at, he is also known for his alcoholism
  • This can in some ways help in my film, as we are connoting a stalker, we could use the panning technique of the stalkers bedroom, and pictures of the girl he is stalking.  

    Tuesday, 2 March 2010

    Horror Genre: Codes and conventions of opening Horror Films

    Trick or treat: (1986) Charles Martin Smith
    • The production company is "De Laurents Entertainment Group
    • The logo for this company is a lion
    • These were presented on a black blackground in white writing, the sans serif connotes that it is the production company of a horror film
    • There is "spooky" sounds being played over the production titles, heavy breathing
    • Shaky camera work
    • The title is in sans serif, again connoting it's horror, it is also in orange, the colour you connote with Halloween (trick or treat being what young kids do on Halloween-tradition)
    • The cast and producers etc is also in sans serif
    • The name of the cast is a sub-title over the first image- something that we may have to use in our own openings as we are limited to two minutes
    • The titles at the beginning last approximately 50 seconds, a more realistic time that we may use for own, maybe a bit less
    • There is a own title saying the film stars Ozzy Osbourne, a very famous music artist, which also adds exposition as he is into rock, which is connoted through mise en scene in the opening
    • The music gradually gets louder which then leads on to the mise en scene that is connoted in the boys bedroom, it is non-diegetic
    •  In the boys bedroom there is rock books, chains, stud belts, skulls, posters of rock bands and DVD players connoting the character is into the rock genre, and heavy metal, he is connoted as quite gothic, this is all mise-en-scene providing exposition
    •  There is a voice-over, of whom is presumed to be the main character, as if he is talking what he is writing in his diary, again talking about a rock band, adding exposition and foreshadowing the contents of the movie
    • This film links into our movie, as the boy is talking about a girl he likes, he waves at her and she ignores him, the boy is un-noticed by her, this relates to our movie as the stereotypical stalker is the "loner" the boy who is not recognised by the girl, the girl does not even know him, stereotypically in a stalker film the girl does not know the boy well, and does not know he likes her, yet he is often close to them in the sense of they work together, they go to the same school, etc.  

    Friday the 13th: (2009) Marcus Nispel
    • Paramount production- the logo of the mountains is red- connoting horror, violence and blood
    • There is a non diegetic music, with sharp sounds, almost sounding like a knife, this connotes it is horror
    • New line cinema, Time warner company- also in red connoting horror
    • In association with Micheal Bay, white serif font on a black background, connoting it is a horror film
    • Exposition is shown through a subtitle, "June 13th 1980"
    • There is rain, and a forrest, connoting something is going wrong
    • There is then a sign saying "Lamp Crystal Lake" again giving exposition of where the film is set
    • There is then a loud thunder, which synk's with the girl coming on screen, crying, and running
    • There is then the actress's name, presumably the girl whom is on screen
    • There is then screams and cry's
    • And again an actress's name
    • The camera then goes back to the girl running through the forrest, to build up tension, to make you want to know what she is running away from
    • There is then again an actress's name on screen
    • A woman then approaches the girl near the lake, this is connoted to be whom the girl is running away from
    • And there is an actors name, this helps to build up tension
    • It then goes back to the same girl, and exposition is provided by the woman saying to the girl "Your the last one, I killed all the others" Connoting this girl in the clip is about to be killed, or she is the final girl
    • Also connotes the film is going back in time
    • Then again there is actors and actresses names
    • And exposition is again provided by the woman saying "It will be easier for you than it was for Jason, you need to be punished for what you did to him"
    • This connotes the girl has done something wrong, and the woman is getting revenge
    Bride of Chucky- (1998) Ronnie Yu
    • Universal- the logo is of an earth
    • Non-diegetic music, music going from high to low, chilling
    • White gothic serif font- universal pictures presents "A David Kirschner Production" on a black background
    • A Ronny Yu film
    • Exposition is provided through the American flag- this connotes that it is set in America
    • The rain and thunder connote horror, create tension, connotes something bad is going to happen
    • The big building and the sign "Lockport Police dept. evidence depository" connotes that something has happened in the police station, or something is going to happen
    • Thunder over the sign cause tension
    • Exposition is provided through the objects that are fenced up, such as the masks, and guns, connote these are weapons used for evidence
    • A police officer then opens a lock saying "unsolved" this connotes a murder, or some sort of crime that hasn't been solved
    • The man then drives with the belongings from the locker in his car, shots towards the belongings connote something wrong is going to happen
    • The man then swerves in the road, this is a false scare to the audience
    Halloween- (1978) John Carpenter
    • A compass international pictures release- this is red writing which then flashes orange, connoting horror but also links into the name of the title, and when the film is set, orange is a symbol of halloween the red connotes horror, violence and blood
    • Moustapha Akkad presents
    • The orange writing suggests the movie is set on halloween, along with the title 
    • Non-diegetic music gradually gets louder- two strings- builds tension and causes you to skip a heartbeat
    • The orange pumpkin on the side of the screen also provides exposition of when the film is set
    • "Donald Pleasence in John Carpenter's Halloween" this is in serif font to connote horror, the director and the film name go together, this is something we could use to give us more time to spend on the film
    • "A Debra Hill production"
    • Introducing Jamie Lee Curtis as Laurie- Jamie's Mother, Janet Leigh, is famous for her role in Psycho, this may widen the audience
    • Actors and actresses names, all again, flashing from red to orange, again giving exposition of halloween and connoting horror
    • It gives the actors and actresses names and their characters names together- another thing we could do to save time on titles
    • It then give screenplay, editors, directors of photography etc. 
    • Gradually zooms in on the pumpkin
    • There is then non-diegetic music of children singing a famous halloween song
    • Exposition is provided through the sub title "Haddonfield, Illinois" "Halloween night 1963" This tells he audience when and where it is set
    A Nightmare On Elm Street- 2 (1985) Jack Sholder
    • A red background with black writing "New Line Cinema" this flashes, connoting horror, violence, death
    • There is then the image of a bus driving down a road, connoted as a school bus by it's stereotypical looks, yellow, and it also says "school bus" on the front
    • There is then sub-titles of the production companies, "New line cinema, heron communications and smart egg pictures presents A Robert Shaye Production" 
    • Non diegetic music, spooky, gradually gets louder, connoting something is going to happen
    • The title of the film comes up in red and glowing this suggests that it is to do with horror, blood, violence
    • There is also non diegetic slasher sounds like a knife as the title appears on screen
    • It then says "Freddys revenge" in blue, connoting cold, sci-fi, something is not right
    • It then comes up  with whom the film stars
    • Exposition is provided that it is set on school teens, as school children get off the bus, this is connoted by them carrying books and having school bags
    • The co-producers names then come up as a sub-title in white
    • There is then a boy sat in the corner of a boy, exposition provided that he is a "geeky boy" as he is alone and also ginger, this is stereotypical of a "geek"
    • The editor etc names then come up as a sub-title
    • There is then a focus on a character sat alone, looks nervous and tense, the girls are laughing at him, connoting he is not seen as "cool" 
    Cry wolf- (2005) Jeff Wadlow 
    • Rogue pictures- white writing, which is flashing, sharp music, connoting horror, blue, connotes coldness and sci-fi
    • Black scream but you can hear diegetic music of the girl screaming (you can't yet see her but you eventually do)
    • This causes tension and gets the audience to think for themselves, gives a narrative enigma
    • You then see a girl running through a forrest, with someone behind her, the person behind her as a torch, connoting they are searching for her
    • She is crying and there is heavy breathing, emphasis on the sounds of her feet and rustles of the leaves
    • The girl trips over, this connotes something bad is going to happen
    • A change in the music synks with the torch light getting brighter
    • The spooky sound and rustle of leaves connotes they are alone
    • The phone gives exposition of the name of girl, "Becky"
    • You then hear the phone ring, a bang and it changes scene
    • This scares the audience, as they then think for themselves what has happened, it also anchors that the film may have gone back in time
    Scream- (1996) Wes Craven 
    • Dimension films- in blue writing- chilling, cold, 
    • There is a bang when it comes on screen, connoting horror, 
    • The title "Scream" is in white on a back background
    • There is a phone ringing in the background
    • The title then flashes red, connoting horror
    • You then hear a non-diegetic distant scream
    • There is then knife slash sounds, and the title turns red
    • It then zooms in on the title
    • The scream then gets more and more loud, then stops and you hear a faint heartbeat, this adds tension and connotes horror
    • There is then a transition to a woman answering the phone
    • You can hear the man on the other line but can't see him
    • There is then a shot of outside the house, a lonely swing, creeking, this adds tension, makes you feel the caller is outside the house, this is chilling
    • There is then a loud bang which acts as a false scare
    • The girl puts some popcorn on the oven, which has a loud bang, makes the audience jumpy
    • The girl picks up the knife, a slash sound, which synks together
    • The girl then talks about her favourite horror film which foreshadows the film
    When A Stranger Calls- (1979) Fred Walton
    • A black background, with white writing in serif font, connotes horror
    • There is non-diegetic nature sounds, rustle of leaves, the sound of footsteps, connotes someone is working yet you can't see him due to the title and black screen
    • "A Barry Khost Production" 
    • The music gets louder, but you can still hear faint footsteps
    • There is then the actors names, the title, and then there is a transition to a street
    • There is two streetlights turned on, as you can gradually see a person walking down the street, builds tension
    • There is then sub-titles of all involved in the movie
    • You then see the actress walking into a house, it is dark, you can't see all the house, builds up tension
    • It is then a false scare as the girls turns out to be just a babysitter for the couple who live in the house 
    The Lost boys- (1987) Joel Schumacher 

    • Warner Brothers Pictures
    • Non-diegetic vocal harmony
    • Warner Brothers Productions- white writing 
    • Richard Donner production- title is as the camera is panning the sea
    • The directors name- "Joel Schumacher" then comes on screen- auteur theory- suggesting the director is taking the majority of the credit for the film
    • Approximately 50 seconds worth of titles
    • The title "The Lost Boys" then appears in a serif font- emphasis on the "T" making the ends of the T look like fangs, connotes the movie genre, about vampires
    • The blue sea connotes that it is horror, sci-fi, a very cold movie
    • There is then an establishing shot of a fairground, which is also a helicopter shot (This is something we would not be able to do)
    • There is then a cut, a transition to the fair ground
    • Non diegetic music is playing
    • The names of the actors comes on screen at approximately 3 minutes into the film (something we would not be able to do as ours is the opening two minutes- but we would have less actors/actresses to present on screen)
    • The music changes on entrance of the first character- connoting he is the main actor and the antagonist
    • He is also connoted to be the antagonist- this is anchored by mise-en-scene and the clothing he is wearing, he is wearing all black and has a smirk on his face
    • Another few characters then come into the shot, one of them touches his teeth, signifying he is a vampire
    •  The weakness of the authority figure of the police man shows the target audience of youths, it connotes that teenagers will most probably be the heroes in this movie, no authority figure in movies is the heroe (parents, police, God) 
    • Typical policeman- large, moustache
    • There is a sound motif, which signifies the presence of a killer, sharp beats, this is the same as in Friday the 13th, when Jason kills
    • The audio connotes an attack, there is no image of the police officer being attacked, but the audio and screaming connotes that he is, it makes the audience think for themselves and not have to show the whole attack/murder
    • This can help us with our opening of our film, as we don't necessarily have to show the attack of the female, we could connote it, we could also use serif font for our titles, signifying it is of the horror genre

      Sorority Row- (2009) Stewart Hendler 
      • "Summit Entertainment"  white serif font on a black background, this connotes horror
      • It then zooms into a house, like the famous horror "Trick or Treat" 
      • Non-diegetic sound
      •  There is then a false scare, the girl screaming, this adds tension, makes the audience think everything is ok for the time being
      • The party connotes something bad is going to happen, as they are all drinking alcohol
      • How-ever the refusing of sharing the alcohol connotes something is going to happen
      • Mild nudity is signified through mise-en-scene and the costumes the girls are wearing, this again connotes something bad is going to happen to these characters, as stereotypically the "scream queens" are the ones who drink, and have sexual encounters
      • Close up of the girls dancing, connotes these are the main actresses in the film
      • A blue filter can then be seen, connotes horror, coldness, danger